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Intriguing Caves to Explore

Caves in Lenggong

Caves in Lenggong

Gua Gunung Runtuh, home of Perak Man

This was the home of the 11,000-year-old Perak Man. In 1991, his skeletal remains – in a foetal position – were  unearthed from an elaborate burial site in the cave. The manner in which the Perak Man, the region’s best-preserved Paleolithic skeleton, was buried indicated that he was greatly respected. 

Thorough research also revealed that he was the only one found with a rare genetic disorder, Brachymesophalangia type A2. In spite of his obvious deformity, his longevity suggested that he must had played an important role in the community, most probably as a shaman. 

With the discovery of the Perak Man, visiting this cave is a must. Gua Gunung Runtuh is located at Bukit Kepala Gajah, one of eight limestone caves in Lenggong Valley. 

Gua Badak

Following its collapse, the “rhinocerous” cave  left some rock face revealing petroglyphs, not the work of the early man but by aboriginal orang asli. In all likelihood, they used caves such as this as shelters during their nomadic migrations. 

Gua Harimau

The cave (tiger cave) derived its name when a tiger was spotted resting there. Eleven skeletons, pots and bronze tools were found in the cave in the 1980s and 90s, the tools proof of the existence of an early Bronze Age in Malaysia. The discovered bones and stone tools are currently exhibited at the Lenggong Valley Archaeological Museum. 

Gua Ngaum

This is a small but intriguing cave, containing food deposits, stone tools and broken earthernware of early dwellers. “Ngaum” replicated the roar of a “clouded” leopard which leapt from the cave. The cave has delicate wave lines on its facade. It could have been in use 7,000 to 6,000 years ago.

Gua Ngaum is located at the Bukit Kepala Gajah limestone complex, latitude 5° 07.46’ north and longitude 100° 58.72’ east, 89 metres above sea level. 

Gua Puteri

A huge cave – and possibly the most interesting after Gua Gunung Runtuh – Gua Puteri’s many rock formations, stalactites and stalagmites are a fascinating spectacle. Different shapes – a married couple, an elephant’s head, even a frog – appeared to have been formed, giving rise to legends such as that of the curse of Sang Kelembai.

Gua Puteri is in fact a tunnel without archaeological findings. A huge rock pillar resembling the shape of a seated woman (princess?) gives the cave its regal  name. 

Gua Puteri is located at the Bukit Kepala Gajah limestone complex (5° 07.56’ N, 100° 58.80’ E), 94 metres above sea level. 

Gua Kajang 

Gua Kajang

The first cave to  be excavated by Ivor HN Evans in 1917, it revealed urn fragments, stone tools, food deposits and human bones, all evidence of human life 11,000 to 5,000 years ago. It appeared to be the living quarters and burial ground of the Paleolithics and Neolithics. Both a Paleolithic human frame and a Neolithic grave have been unearthed in this cave. There are also unique cave formations, tunnels as well as stalactites and stalagmites.

Gua Kajang is located at a limestone complex at Bukit Kepala Gajah (5° 07.57’ N, 100° 58.87’ E), 76 metres above sea level. 

Gua Asar 

Gua Asar 

Gua Asar

This cave has not, as yet, been researched archaeologically. Its name was given because it was located during the call for prayers (Asr). 

Gua Asar is located at the Kepala Gajah limestone complex (5° 07.53’ N, 100° 58.82’ E), 78 metres above sea level. 

Gua Teluk Kelawar 

There is evidence that this cave was used 11,000 to 6,000 years ago from the discovery of stone tools, food deposits (such as river snails, Brotia costula and Brotia spinosa) and animal bones. Human remains and burial sites dating 8,000 years indicated that the Paleolithic age in Malaysia in the region continued until the early Holocene era before the Neolithic arrival.

In 2004, a human remain aged 8,000 years ago, named Perak Woman, was found at Gua Teluk Kelawar. She was 148 centimetres tall and was believed to have been 40 years old when she was buried.

Gua Teluk Kelawar is located at the Bukit Kepala Gajah limestone complex (5° 07.44’ N, 100° 58.60’ E), 76 metres above sea level. 

Note: There are over 60 known caves around Lenggong but only 13 are protected in some way. To visit these caves, contact the Lenggong Archaeological Museum (daily 9:00 am – 6:00 pm; T: +605-767 9700) in Kota Tampan, 9 km from Lenggong town, to book your visit. The protected cave entrances are gated and locked.

Lenggong – a UNESCO Site. This is her story.

This is a beautifully-narrated composition that puts in a nutshell the reasons why Lenggong is inscribed as a #UNESCOWorldHeritage site, unlike any others. Discover the 4 #OUVs – #Outstanding Universal Values  – which will leave you in awe at how rare the findings are within this little valley and the significance it has contributed to the world’s #archaeological and medical science studies. This is a very educational presentation where many have dubbed Lenggong as #Malaysia’sStoneAgeCapital. Published 7 February 2021.

Note: This republication is with a written consent of the department of Natural Heritage, Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism Malaysia (JWN.UKK.100-6/1/7 (10) dated 16 December 2022). All information in this video is correct at the time of publication.

Lenggong Archaeological Museum (Galeri Arkeologi Lembah Lenggong)

Among the interesting collections on display are:

  • Paleolithic stone tools in Bukit Jawa, Kg.Temelong, Bukit Bunuh and Lawin.
  • Bifurcation tools and unifasins found at Gua Teluk Kelawar, Gua Ngaum, Gua Gunung Runtuh and other sites in Lenggong Valley.
  • The 10,000 – 11,000 year old Perak Man skeleton is found in the cave of the ruins.
  • Equipment used for archaeological research.
  • Collection of orang asli goods and their link to pre-historical human life.
  • Drawing in caves and studies of archaeological sites in Lenggong.
  • Neolithic findings of Gua Harimau such as pottery items, stone tool, personal jewellery, moulds and bronze axes.

Jabatan Muzium dan Antikuiti, Kota Tampan, 33400 Lenggong, Perak. Open daily 9:00 am – 5:00 pm, Fridays 9:00 am – 12:00 pm, 3:00 – 5:00 pm  |  T: +605-767 9700
GPS Coordinates:  N 05°03’20.7” E 100°57’45.1”
(The museum is currently closed for renovations.)